According significant restrictions. The media are free

According to BBC news profile on Ghana’s media 12th September 2013, Ghana has one of the freest and a vibrant press in Africa. Ghana enjoys a high degree of media freedom and the private press and broadcasters operate without significant restrictions. The media are free to criticize the authorities without fear of reprisals, says Reporters without Borders. The private press is lively, and often carries criticism of government policy. Animated phone-in programs are stapled fare on many radio stations. Radio is Ghana’s most popular form of media, although it is being challenged by increased access to the TV. Scores of private FM stations crowd the dial; many of them are based in the main towns and cities. Most of them are chasing a limited amount of advertising revenue. State-run Ghana Broadcasting Corporation (GBC) runs national TV and radio networks. The access to television in most hinterlands in Ghana is a bit difficult to come by, by people living in those areas because of economic reasons and also the access to electricity is somewhat limited and so most hinterlanders resort to radios which only need a battery as a source of power. The internet and newspapers are patronized by the educated section of the population. Information that gets to these hinterlands are taken as the gospel truth without any doubts, it’s not subjected to any criticisms. And currently, the advent of social media like Facebook, Twitter, Snap chat and the rest is also a mean through which Ghanaians acquire information. According to modern Ghana new 15th September 2014, youth between the ages of 12 and 25 are most vulnerable to the negative sides of social media. Aside from these entire negative points, however, the positive sides of social media are countless, enormous and beneficial. Social media provides an avenue for people to meet each other, deliberate, share ideas on politics, entertainment, current affairs, business ventures etc. Most youths of today around ages 24 and above use the power of social media to market and advertise various forms of businesses. They are able to sell their ideas to people through these channels without paying a penny. Students are also able to get help on academic and related issues when they join various social forums on the internet. Basic research for assignments is almost fully conducted online nowadays. So from this deduction, it’s quite clear that in Ghana, it is the youth and people who are in them without much education ar4e those who are affected mostly by negative information from the media. On the part of the youth, since they are the future leader of the nation, they, unfortunately, get exposed to politics of insults which is an endemic circumstance in Ghana’s politics. And since culture is a way of life of people living in a specific place, these youth automatically learn these negative attitudes and will eventually carry it on to the next generation. It is rather unfortunate that most of these politicians are highly educated and the youth look up to them in order to emulate their actions. Modern governments, especially democratic ones rely so much on the availability and accessibility of information to both the government and the governed. This situation renders the media very important such that one cannot do without it if governance must be effective. The media provides the platform by which government communicates with the people. If the media is a free one, the government can get to know what the different sections of the population really think and structure public policies accordingly. Not only that, the media serves as a forum for people to also learn about the actions and intentions of government thereby giving them the opportunity to make what they think as well as their reactions known to the government (Boateng 1996: 182).



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