Abu-Simbel that El Castillo’s function was not only

Abu-Simbel is the name given
to two Egyptian temples constructed in the 13th century BCE for the
ruler at that time, Ramesses II. The temples function was to provide a place of
worship to the Egyptian gods and as a celebration of the rule of Ramesses II. The
temples were originally located on the western bank of Lake Nasser in a village
in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. The temples however were
forced to be relocated due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam which
would cause the temples to become flooded and destroyed. They were successfully
moved and reconstructed on top of a cliff another 200 feet above the original
site. The axis of the temple was constructed so that on October 22nd
and February 22nd the sun rays were able to penetrate the sanctuary
and reach the sculptures on the back wall illuminating the gods and the pharaoh
with the exception to Ptah, the god of Underworld. It is thought that these
dates may celebrate Ramesses II’s coronation and birth.

                     El
Castillo, is a temple Built by Maya civilization sometime between the 9th and
12th centuries CE. It is located in the centre of Chichen Itza, an
archaeological site in the Mexican state of Yucatán. The temple was constructed
as a place to worship to the serpent god Kukulkán, a snake deity that also serves to
designate historical persons. The building has 91 steps on each of its four sides,
plus a final step on the top to make a total of 365 steps altogether, which is
equal to the number of days in one year. This suggests that El Castillo’s
function was not only to worship Kukulkán but also as a calendar to signal appropriate times to plant,
harvest, and perform ceremonies throughout the year. During the spring and autumn equinoxes, in the
late afternoon, the sun strikes off the northwest corner of the pyramid
creating shadows that create the illusion of a serpent moving down the pyramid.
The shadow is meant to symbolize Kukulkán crawling down the temple steps and
has become a popular event called ‘The Descent of Kukulkán.’

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                       The Golden Temple or Kinkaku-ji
is another building that is designed to work with the light. It is located in a
Zen Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan and reflects the sunlight above onto the
water below.

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