Todays world has
become a parallel form of life and living.Here Public are now capable of doing
things which were not imaginable few years ago. Internet has enabled the use of
website communication and a lot of anytime anywhere the IT solutions for the
betterment of human kind. Cyber crime is a very serious threat. Governments,
police departments and intelligence units have started to react cyber threats.
In this paper, we will try to discuss about cybercrime in detail including the
types, methods, technical reasons and adverse impact of cyber crimes on a
network as well as the behavior , psychology behind this crime & some
effective solutions .
been associated with mans fall.1 This
Crime remains intangible and ever strives to hide in the face of improvement. Different nations
have different feat to contend with crime depending on their nature and range.
It has permission a negative social and economic consequence. Cybercrime is a
crimes committed on the internet using the computer as either a tool or a
targeted victim. It is very difficult to classify crimes in general into distinct
groups as many crimes involves on a daily basis. In the real world, crimes like hacking,
murder or theft need not necessarily be
separate. All cybercrimes involve both
the computer and the person behind it as victims. For example, hacking involves
attacking the computer’s data . It is important to take note that cyber crime
occurs in many cases and it is not possible to classified a appropriate
Cyber Crime :
Cyber crime is the latest the most complicated problem in the cyber
world. “Cyber crime said to be those
species, of which, genus is the daily crime, and where either the computer is a
subject of the conduct conventional crime”. “Any criminal operation that uses a
computer target or a means for
enternalize further crimes comes within the of cyber crime” . The computer may
be used as a instrument in the following kinds of activity- financial crimes,
pornography, online gambling,hacking, computer information hacking crime, email
spoofing, cyber defamation, cyber
stalking. The computer may however be
act the following cases- unauthorized access to computer networks,and the information
contained in the electronic form, data didling, salami attacks, web jacking, theft of computer system,
physically damaging the computer system.
for Cyber Crime :
are many technical reasons behind these crimes. The threats of cybercrime to the
network security are not only for several organizations, but can be observed
all over the world in
different countries Some technical reasons behind cyber crimes are as follows:
of reporting and standards3
marginal cost of online activity due to global
very few rate of Official investigation and criminal prosecution3
of computer to store data in comparatively small space.4
in operating systems code4
criminals constitute of various groups/ category. This division may be
justified on the basis of the object that they have in their mind. The
following are the category of cyber criminals
Children and adolescents between the age group of 6 – 18 years :The simple reason
for this type of offender behaviour pattern in children is seen mostly due to
the curiousity to know and search the things.
Other akin reason may be to prove themselves to be outstanding amongst
other children in their group.
Organised hacker: These kinds of hackers are mostly organic together to fulfil
certain objective. The reason may be to fulfil their political bias,
superstition, etc. The Russian are said to be one of the best quality hackers in
the world.. The NASA as well as the
Microsoft sites is always under attack by the hackers.
Professional hackers / crackers Their
work is inspires by the colour of money.
These kinds of hackers are mostly employed to hack the site of the competing and
get credible, reliable and valuable information. Further they are ven employed
to damage the system of the employer basically as a measure to make it safer by
discover the loopholes.
Different types of
Fraud and financial criminal:
Computer fraud is any dishonest misrepresentation of fact intended
to let another to do or refrain from doing something which causes loss. In this
context, the fraud will result in obtaining a benefit by:
Altering in an
unauthorized way. This requires little technical expertise and is common form
of theft by employees altering the data before entry or entering false data, or
by entering unauthorized instructions or using unauthorized processes;
suppressing, or stealing output, usually to conceal unauthorized transactions.
This is difficult to detect;
Altering stored data;
This kind of an attack entangle altering raw data
just before a computer processes it and then changing it back after the
processing is completed. The electricity board faced similar problem of
information diddling while the department was being computerised.
of Service attack: The
computer of the oblation is flooded with more requests than it can handle which
cause it to crunch. Distributed Denial of Service
(DDoss) attack is also a type of denial of service
attack, in which the criminals are wide in number and widespread. E.g. Amazon,
This term Web
jacking is derived from the term hi jacking. In these kinds of crime the hacker
gains access and control over the web site of another. The hacker may even
mutilate or change the information on the site.8 This
occurs political objectives or
for money. Here recently the site of MIT (Ministry of Information Technology)
was hacked by the Pakistani hackers and some obscene matter was placed
therein.25 After that the site of Bombay crime branch was also web
jacked.5 There are Another case of web jacking is that of the ‘gold fish’
case. In this web jacking case the site was hacked and the data pertaining to
gold fish was changed. Thus the web jacking is a process whereby control over
the site of another is made backed by some consideration for it.2
As technology advances huge
people rely on the internet to store sensitive information such as banking or
credit card information, criminals are going to attempt to steal that
information. Cyber-crime is a great threat to people across the world. Raising
awareness about how information is being protected and the tactics criminals
use to steal that information is very important today. According to the FBI’s
Internet Crime Complaint Center occurs in 2014 there were 269,422 complaints
filed.4 With all the claims combined there were a reported total loss of
$800,492,073.6But yet cyber-crime never seem to be on the average person’s
radar. There are more than 1.5 million cyber-attacks
annually, that means that there are over 4,000 attacks a day, 170 attacks every
hour, or nearly three attacks every minute, with studies showing us that only
16% of victims were carrying out the attacks to stop.5 Anyperson who uses the
internet for any reason can be
a victim, it is important to be aware of
how one is being fully protected while online.7
Prevention of Cyber
We know that
Prevention is always better than cure.
We should keep in mind the following things.
For prevent cyber stalking avoid
disclosing any information pertaining to one self. This is as good as
disclosing anyones identity to strangers in public place.
It is urgent to avoid sending any
photograph online particularly to strangers and chat friends as there have been
incidents of misuse of the photographs.
Everyone must use latest and update
antivirus software to guard against virus attacks.
It is necessary always keep back up volumes so
that one may not suffer data loss in case of virus contamination
Never send someones credit card number to any
site that is not secured, to guard against frauds.
Always keep a watch on the sites that children are accessing to prevent any kind of
harassment of children.
At last It is better to use a security programme that
gives control over the cookies and send information back to the site as leaving the cookies unguarded .
Human minds capacity is ambigious.It’s also true
that It is not possible to extract cyber crime . But It is quite possible to
check them. Technology acting to make this crime more effective to battle cyber
crime. We can not think
our daily life without computer as well as internet. The advantages of internet
and computer can not be explained in one word. But they have also some fault as
like cyber crimes. Its also became a part of our life. Criminals and victims
both are the part of our society. Now, the rate of various types of cyber
crimes increases rapidly. It must be reduced by keeping proper steps that’s are
already discussed in this paper for keeping safe our personal and private data
and information ,ensure the security of all types of websites and making
our society clean & peaceful.