A average speed was beneath the speed limits

A study directed by the Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of
Engineering Technology Al Balqa’ Applied University
Shbeeb, Awad, R. Suliman , with alliance with  Jordan Traffic  InstituteJTI, Amman,
Jordan , the study aimed was to find the “relation between speed-lane
choice and road accidents in Jordan” . Two major  highways connecting  the  capital
of Jordan with the city of Az-zarqa  were
a case study , and the collected data were divided into five segments . Four
of  the five segments  were
about the suburbs, while  the last within the  city. the segments was located  on a  divided
 multilane highways  near  a pedestrian overpass.


The data showed that 20% of the drivers were driving over the speed
limits. Regardless of lane position, the average speed was beneath the speed
limits for both classes of roadway.

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Drivers Interviews

Three hundred thirty-one Car drivers were interviewed, and the results
were as the next:

 Speed Choice: Out of the 331
drivers, 51 cases of speeding were reported. And twenty-two of them admitted
that the reason is the absence of police on the roads . Though, another twenty
drivers said, “An empty road is tempting to speed”. Nevertheless, twelve
drivers proposed that the posted speed is too low. Anyways, Some come clean
that speeding is their hobby.  

Lane choice : Thirty percent of the interviewed drivers by their
own admission said that they had altered lanes in the last kilometre before
stopping prior to the interview. The whys and wherefores reported ranged from
slow moving vehicle ahead to no police on-site. Many drivers admitted that they
do a lane-changing manoeuvre as long as it is permitted without any reason. Heavyweight
or slow vehicles are the cause behind several lane-changes according to some
drivers. Drivers accept as true that they can change lanes on high-speed open highways.
Being in rush is a common answer. According to some other drivers, attributed
to pollutants emitted by the leading vehicles is one of the mean reasons for
lane-changing manoeuvres.

Jordan is a small country in the Middle East region, with an area of 90
thousand sq.  km and a high population
density of 9.456 million (2016) concentrated in the three main cities (Amman,
Az-Zarqa, and Irbid).  The traffic
accidents issue started to be as a serious matter in the mid-80s. And in 2007, it
was considered as the second main cause of death in country. During the years
from 1987 to 2007, the number of accidents increased from 15884 into 110630
accidents, which is more than 14% percent. Nevertheless, the number of  population and  the number of 
automobiles increased  only  by roughly 
2 and  3 folds, respectively for
the same period,.  Apparently, this situation
is not shocking, since Jordan had not applied a 
full policy  to  reduce this problem yet (Katamine, 1999). As a result of the radical rise in traffic
accident fatalities and after a horrendous bus 
accident on Amman-Irbid highway by the end of January 2008, his  majesty 
King Abdullah  II  instructed 
the  government to  draw  an
inclusive  strategy
to  curb car accidents and it’s horrible casualties
in Jordan. Chairing a conference of the Higher Council for Traffic Safety, his
majesty mentioned that the strategy on 
traffic safety should  be applied  in 
line  with  a schedule and a clear program. Also, the King
gave emphasis to the importance of drafting a law to activate the Council’s role, duties and responsibilities.
Therefore, the traffic law (No.  49,
2001) was replaced with a the temporary law (No. 52, 2007) which imposed quite tauter
forfeits. Along with the new law, traffic police became more intense and
drivers’ blunders became under their surveillance, mainly excessive speeds and
road rage. four months later, the temporary traffic law was modified into a
less restrictive permanent traffic law (No. 49, 2008), it was issued in July
2008 and has been applied since August the same year. However, police
enforcement continued with a bit more and more obligation up to the present
time. Starting by Feb. 2008, and under the chairmanship of the prime minister,
the Higher Council for Traffic Safety, has met monthly to track road safety matters.  5


The police
archives and the observed drivers’ behaviour reveal that most of traffic  accidents in Jordan  are caused by drivers’ mistakes and their aggressiveness.  The main reasons of traffic accidents in
Jordan throughout the years 2005-2007 are in details in Table (3). Obviously
the largest single cause of an 
accident  was careless drivers, come
up  to 
22.5% of all accidents .Driving  too closely behind the
other vehicles or  tailgating took the
second on the list, for  17%  of  the
total. Other causes were ignoring 
traffic  priority , bad  turns, incorrect lanes, and of course
reversing in highways!.  Excessive speed
ranked as the eighth cause, for only 1.5% of the accidents.  Aggressive actions, and all the others courses
we mentioned above, contributed near
to 40%  of accident  causes. Accidents categorized into
vehicle-vehicle collision, single-vehicle collision, and vehicle-pedestrian
accident.  Although the run-off-road accidents
constituted around 2%  of the  total road accidents in  the country, they raised to further more than  20% of the fatalities. In point of fact, most
of these accidents may perhaps be attributed to speeding,  particularly on  rustic 


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