A study directed by the Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of
Engineering Technology Al Balqa’ Applied University
Shbeeb, Awad, R. Suliman , with alliance with Jordan Traffic InstituteJTI, Amman,
Jordan , the study aimed was to find the “relation between speed-lane
choice and road accidents in Jordan” . Two major highways connecting the capital
of Jordan with the city of Az-zarqa were
a case study , and the collected data were divided into five segments . Four
of the five segments were
about the suburbs, while the last within the city. the segments was located on a divided
multilane highways near a pedestrian overpass.
The data showed that 20% of the drivers were driving over the speed
limits. Regardless of lane position, the average speed was beneath the speed
limits for both classes of roadway.
Three hundred thirty-one Car drivers were interviewed, and the results
were as the next:
Speed Choice: Out of the 331 drivers,
51 cases of speeding were reported. And twenty-two of them admitted that the
reason is the absence of police on the roads . Though, another twenty drivers
said, “An empty road is tempting to speed”. Nevertheless, twelve drivers proposed
that the posted speed is too low. Anyways, Some come clean that speeding is
Lane choice : Thirty percent of the interviewed drivers by their
own admission said that they had altered lanes in the last kilometre before
stopping prior to the interview. The whys and wherefores reported ranged from
slow moving vehicle ahead to no police on-site. Many drivers admitted that they
do a lane-changing manoeuvre as long as it is permitted without any reason. Heavyweight
or slow vehicles are the cause behind several lane-changes according to some drivers.
Drivers accept as true that they can change lanes on high-speed open highways.
Being in rush is a common answer. According to some other drivers, attributed
to pollutants emitted by the leading vehicles is one of the mean reasons for
Jordan is a small country in the Middle East region, with an area of 90
thousand sq. km and a high population
density of 9.456 million (2016) concentrated in the three main cities (Amman, Az-Zarqa,
and Irbid). The traffic accidents issue started
to be as a serious matter in the mid-80s. And in 2007, it was considered as the
second main cause of death in country. During the years from 1987 to 2007, the
number of accidents increased from 15884 into 110630 accidents, which is more
than 14% percent. Nevertheless, the number of
population and the number of automobiles increased only
by roughly 2 and 3 folds, respectively for the same period,. Apparently, this situation is not shocking, since
Jordan had not applied a full policy to
reduce this problem yet (Katamine, 1999).
As a result of the radical rise in traffic accident fatalities and after a horrendous
bus accident on Amman-Irbid highway by the
end of January 2008, his majesty King Abdullah
II instructed the
government to draw an inclusive strategy to curb car accidents and it’s horrible casualties
in Jordan. Chairing a conference of the Higher Council for Traffic Safety, his
majesty mentioned that the strategy on
traffic safety should be applied in
line with a schedule and a clear program. Also, the King
gave emphasis to the importance of drafting a law to activate the Council’s role, duties and responsibilities.
Therefore, the traffic law (No. 49,
2001) was replaced with a the temporary law (No. 52, 2007) which imposed quite tauter
forfeits. Along with the new law, traffic police became more intense and
drivers’ blunders became under their surveillance, mainly excessive speeds and
road rage. four months later, the temporary traffic law was modified into a
less restrictive permanent traffic law (No. 49, 2008), it was issued in July
2008 and has been applied since August the same year.