are correct and I made an error. The feedback portion of Lowenthal’s seven
phases should be something that is continual, throughout the intelligence
process (Lowenthal, 2015). I think that
collaboration and feedback in the intelligence community is a key component. I
am sure that many of us have studied the intelligence failures that led to
9/11. The White House aborted plans to neutralize
Osama bin Laden on numerous occasions (Leung, 2004);
the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) perceived sabotage to be a greater
threat than hijacking (Kean, et al., 2002); the National Security Agency (NSA) and
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) were not cooperating with each other, or with
the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) (Anonuserism, 2012). Overall, there were multiple flaws and
failures that could not be contributed solely to analysts who “didn’t connect
the dots”. Since 9/11, great strides have been made to emphasize the importance
of collaboration and cooperation at all levels of law enforcement and
intelligence. The FBI
added 71 Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTF); which created a platform of
information sharing, as well as, increased cooperation and coordination across domestic
and international boundaries (Federal Bureau of Investigation, n.d.). The National
Network of Fusion Centers was also created so that “threat-related information”
could be shared among federal, state, local, tribal and territorial partners (Department of Homeland Security, 2017). These platforms provided
the ability to give the feedback that is necessary, to ensure valid and
accurate intelligence is obtained, passed and utilized. I disagree with
Lowenthal’s (2015) comments about collaboration (Lowenthal, 2015), I think that collaboration is very
important in the intelligence process, but I agree with his notion that
feedback should happen in a continuous manner (Lowenthal, 2015). 


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