6 portray this through their work. “Prayer Before

6 way poetry comparison1)Piano2)Hide and Seek3)Prayer before Birth4)Death of a Naturalist5)Revelation6)Mrs Tilscher’s ClassThroughout all the poems the idea of innocence is represented vividly and the poets use techniques to portray this through their work. “Prayer Before Birth” by Louis McNiece is a dramatic monologue written from the perspective of an unborn child with the interesting adaption as it is through the persona of an unborn child, thus this creates a sense of innocence through the addition of an unborn child since they have no further experience of what is to come. The poem “Piano” is a representative ideology of the cruelty of life in later years and the piano acts as a symbol of contrast between the poet’s childhood and adulthood. The poem “Hide and Seek” starts off in the voice of a child seemingly participating in a game of hide and seek, it seems as though perhaps the child is now much older and wiser, looking back at the memory of this game and speaking to himself, advising himself. This further creates a sense of innocence through the fact that the narrator is now perhaps reminiscing on the certain memories from childhood and looks back with supposed regret and certainty which acts in contrast to the uncertainty of life that the poet possibly experienced throughout his childhood. The poem “Death of a Naturalist” is focused once again through the eyes of a child, we sense their intrigue and excitement as they see nature up-close and experience the certain facts of life that ultimately will relate to them in the future. For example the poet describes the moment as tadpoles become frogs. But the poem also depicts a loss of innocence as the speaker now is forced to understand the harsher side of nature and feels threatened and frightened by the end. The poem “Revelation” is somewhat similar to “Death of a Naturalist in the way that the poem uses actions and symbolic meanings of different objects to display a loss of innocence that is presented for the speaker of the poem. In “Revelation”, for example, the act of getting milk and eggs from a farm becomes a discussion of femininity, and the presence of a bull becomes symbolic of the dangers of the world. The deep questions are linked with the small events; what is seemingly meaningless is actually meaningful. This further creates tension of ideas such as sexuality and other perhaps more adult discussions which lead the reader to understand the loss of innocence which is being unveiled to the speaker throughout the poem. In the poem Mrs Tilscher’s Class In ‘Revelation’, for example, the act of getting milk and eggs from a farm becomes a discussion of femininity, and the presence of a bull becomes symbolic of the dangers of the world. The deep questions are linked with the small events; what is seemingly meaningless is actually meaningful. In Mrs Tilscher’s Class by Carol Ann Duffy, many issues are addressed about her class that play a part in explaining the vivid subjects that are expressed throughout the poem. To begin with the content and subjects of the poem are based around a school year in Mrs Tilscher’s class. Her entire class is trapped and enthralled during the school day through the teachings of Mrs Tilscher. They are taught information, often into intricate detail which is a further asset in linking the classes towards the theme of innocence within the poem. This poem also contains a progressive plot of which the reader is given awareness of the fact that the speaker within the poem is getting older and there is evidence of this as the play progresses with chronological order.The theme of innocence is presented vividly throughout all of these poems, and often in the form of a depressive notion –  the idea of an innocent (in this case – a child) mind to be lost is never celebrated as a lasting discovery of adulthood but rather a more emotive outlook on the irretrievability of such a thing. The poem “Prayer before Birth” was written amidst the Second World War. The ‘war’ may be a three-lettered word but its consequences are always massive and enormously depressing. As the play progresses and the outbreak of war is evident – the common belief,  ‘war to end all wars’ is not accepted anymore. Throughout the poem the ideas of war are presented in negative context and the deeper meaning of mans purpose is brought into the light, a war brings nothing but destruction. It halts a country’s progress, the common man is disillusioned, displaced and several go astray. The poet in this poem expresses his fear of threat to mankind which may be brought about by war. He voices out his fear about what the world’s tyranny can do to the innocence of a child. Thus making the poem all the more powerful. This is also present through the poem “Revelation” in which the speaker describes her loss of innocence through  a similar series of perhaps sinister events which ultimately prove to the reader that a loss of innocence is present. The line – “past the big boys in the farm lanewho pulled the wings from butterflies and blew up frogs with straws” shows the extent of which the reader understands that not everything in the world is nice and this also contrasts to the time the speaker understands that ‘tadpoles become frogs’ this further supports the fact that this poem takes on board a similar approach to the loss of innocence as does “Prayer before Birth”.The poem “Piano” takes on perhaps a more subtle approach to the idea of innocence but more so the poem focuses on the idea of remembrance and to the extent that the speaker voices the memories of childhood and comparisons to the adulthood of now. This particular contrasting technique also creates a sense of regretfulness which further creates tension through the fact that memoirs of the past compare more happily to the present. The last line of the poem – “Down in the flood of remembrance, I weep like a child for the past” shows the emotional impact that the ideology of innocence has on the speaker. The poem “Hide and Seek” uses a similar technique to chronologically order the times between adulthood and childhood, “Hide and Seek” also offers a further insight to the negative context of the loss of innocence which can again be seen as a comparison to the poem “Piano” in which the poet expresses emotively the sense of regret. The idea of loneliness is also a present fact throughout both of these poems –  more literally in the game of “Hide and Seek” where the speaker (a child) realises that they are in fact alone and the rest of the children have left him. This is a comparison to the idea of a loneliness present in “Piano” which can be seen through the line – “A child sitting under the piano” – which reflects the idea of innocence in the fact that the piano represents the “song of innocence”. In conclusion, all of the six poems represent the idea of innocence  through the techniques and language uses that the poets all employ. A further analysis of each poem shows the symbolism of the different aspects present in the poems, for example – a piano or a game of hide and seek.With this in mind the poems give further insight to the reader on how the idea of innocence in presented through the use of almost childlike actions which show the reader the childish actions that represent someone of innocence.

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