2.2 imaginary world. Due to the time spent

2.2
NEGATIVE IMPACTS OF TECHNOLOGY

Although
the use of tech-gadgets and services has many positive impacts, they are short
lived. In long run it has negative impacts on the individuals. The digital
activities make the youth strong in technical skills but make them weak in real
life practical skills. It takes the young mass away from the reality helping
them to live in their imaginary world. Due to the time spent on the devices the
youth are refrained from some outdoor activities with friends and family.

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It
would have been a lot better if the drawbacks or the negative impacts of the
use of the digital services would have been known before some years. As the use
of the digital services has negative impacts students should minimize the use
of these tools and should aware about its use (Walsh, 2012).

The
voracious use of tech services has negative impacts on the youth. Due to these
effects youth want to do things faster, easier and cheaply. Everybody wants to
do things according to their own schedule and pace, failing in which they
become anxious. Face to face communication is avoided by the young mass, which
is not good for the society (Erickson, 2012).

Generation-Y
i.e. the present generation is psychologically addicted to the social Medias
like face book, Twitter, Linked In etc. The addiction causes intra-psychic
conflicts such as intolerance and relapse among the youth (Cabral, 2011).

Internet
gaming and shopping is causing depressive symptoms among the college students.
Implementation of programs is needed to detect and decrease these activities
among them (Cotton, 2001).

The
addictive internet use has negative impacts on mental health. There is a positive
relationship between Internet addiction and psychiatric disorders like
depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention deficit
disorder, etc. So the addictive internet use should need clinical help (Young,
1998).

WHAT
MAKES TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION?

Technology addiction is a rather recently identified
addiction that has not yet been medically classified but has been linked to the
widespread and rapid evolvement and use of technological devices. What actually
causes technology addiction is not all that well understood. Researchers claim
it may be a combination of inherent genetic traits and elements in the
environment. Below are three factors that have been identified as possible
underlying causes of technology addiction:

State
of an individual’s mental health – Technology abusers is likely to have
underlying health issues such as anxiety, insomnia, and depression. They
also appear to have tendencies towards impulsiveness.
Personality
traits – Individuals, who tend to keep to themselves and shy away from
social contact with others, tend to find the online and technological
environment more welcoming to connect with others in a way where social
contact is limited. These individuals are more prone to technology
addiction because they tend to use technology on an ongoing basis to fulfil
their social needs.
Environmental
factors – Individuals, who experience high levels of stress in their daily
environments, for example at work or school, are more prone to utilize
technological devices to relieve stress and distract them from their
current situations.

Technology fulfils our natural human need for
stimulation, interaction, and changes in environment with great efficiency.
When teenagers experience stress, be it romantic rejection or a poor grade on
an exam, technology can become a quick and easy way to fill basic needs, and as
such, can become addictive.

Social media presents individually-relevant information
in the easiest ways centralized, personalized portals, like a Facebook
newsfeed, YouTube subscription, or Snapchat followership. Social media feeds
our need for human connection by allowing us to share feedback with those who
are far from us in time, geography, or social status. As social animals, we
need human contact for emotional and psychological health. The appeal of social
media is that it helps us to fill social needs without the efforts or
restraints of in-person contact.

RISK OF USAGE OF TECHNOLOGY
AMONG YOUTH?

While technology is certainly not all bad, its
overuse can pose certain key risks, especially to teens.Technology can give
students a false sense of relational security as they communicate with unseen
individuals around the world. A slow internet connection or “unplugging” can
promote irritability and anxiety for a teen otherwise used to constant
connection through technology.

Sleep disorders can develop as teens stay up all
night to play with technology, and as a result, academic, athletic, and social
performance decrease. Weight gain and other complications of a poor diet and
sedentary lifestyle, such as cardiovascular disease, may result. In-person
social skills may deteriorate.Within a technology-addicted individual, the mind
becomes increasingly unable to distinguish between the lived and the alternate
realities that produce instant stimulation, pleasure, and reward. As such, the
extreme use of technology can disrupt normal patterns of mood and socialization
in teens. Dependency upon social media, gaming, or other platforms to function
can become the new and unhealthy “normal.”

Studies have shown that brain scans of young people
with internet addiction disorder (IAD) are similar to those of people with
substance addictions to alcohol, cocaine, and cannabis.Damage to brain systems
connecting emotional processing, attention, and decision-making are affected in
both substance addicts and technology addicts. This discovery shows that being
hooked on a technology behaviour can, in some ways, be as physically damaging
as an addiction to alcohol and other drug use.

It stands to reason that if we can prevent
technology addiction, we may also be able to prevent other risky behaviour and
dangerous consequences to Youths.

In addition to the causes of technology addiction, there
are also risk factors that
have been identified that can make an individual more prone to developing
technology addiction. Some of these include:

Gender
– Although both males and females are at risk of developing technology
addictions, men are more prone to online gambling, pornography, and gaming
addictions, whereas women are more vulnerable to online shopping, social
media, and texting addictions.
Pre-existing
specified mental health issues – Individuals who
have been diagnosed with attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention
deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD) appear to be at a higher risk for developing technology addictions.
Pre-existing
addictions – People who already suffer from
another addiction, particularly drug, alcohol, nicotine, or sex
addictions, tend to be more prone to developing technology addictions.

WHEN IS TECHNOLOGY PROTECTIVE

Of course, the advent of smarter, faster, more
mobile technologies can be used positively with teens too. The following list
reflects the many ways that technology, used in a healthy way, can encourage
teens to explore their world and express themselves:

Some teachers use Facebook as a communication hub,
creating a public page or smaller, closed groups for classes. Using technology
like this, teachers can keep parents informed, distribute homework or
permission slips, and share photos and videos from classroom activities and
field trips.

Technology can promote student creativity by
prompting expression through user-friendly tools. Some studies have shown that
blogging, or web journaling, enhances students’ creative thinking.6

Metacognition the ability to be aware of, attend
to, and use information about one’s own cognitive processes allows students to
strengthen critical thinking across academic and artistic disciplines. Utilizing
Internet-based technologies that ask students to reflect on and reiterate their
learning processes provides a framework for the development of teen
metacognition skills.

Now common technologies like tablets and smart
phones are often much less bulky than notebooks and textbooks, allowing
students to flex their imaginations, read fiction, write poetry, doodle, or
take pictures through the ease of software applications found on highly-mobile
devices.

Socialization-When monitored properly by a parent
or guardian, the use of social media can create safe and healthy friendship
networks for teens with like interests online, through already established
mutual friendships or within shared interest hubs, like a blogging community or
Facebook group.

PREVENTING
TECHNOLOGY ADDICTION AMONG YOUTHS

Technology will only grow in its use in Youths’
world. Preventing youth addiction to technology means finding a balance within
students’ lives, so that teenagers do not misuse their technology as an escape
from real world challenges, emotions, socialization, or identity. Adults can
help children, teens and youths have healthy relationships to technology when
they:

Balance activity and productivity with healthy
stress management.Everything in life requires energy, and often youths feel
like they have too little energy to spend on too many demands. If they are not
guided by adults to discover healthy ways to replenish their stores of energy,
they may default by overusing easy fixes for entertainment or stress relief
that promote technology addiction.

Nurture pro-social identity development in the real
world. Adults must be proactive, creative, and excited as they help kids to
discover who they really are. Once teenagers find something they are good at
and want to do, they will naturally gravitate toward it. It is easier to create
an Internet façade, but far more rewarding for youths to cultivate true
purposes and genuine identities within their families, schools, and
communities.

Inpatient treatment for technology addiction starts
by removing a teenager from both the Internet and the surroundings that allowed
a technology addiction to occur in the first place. It is a form of intensive
therapy. Other treatments can include ways to help technology addicts see the offline
world as more pleasurable, without fully removing the online element from their
lives.

 

CONCLUSION

In view
of the above summary, it is evident that technology plays a major role on
behavior change of the respondents. The youths mostly used technology for
communicating between their friends and families. The fact that technology is
part of them especially having been born in this era of emerging technology,
most of them cannot do without it. They depended on it for various positive
things such as research and contacts with old friends and getting on the loop
of what was happening either in their circles, nationally or internationally.
Thus it is known that, technology not only has negative effects on the youth
but also serves towards their well-being.

 

 

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