1.0 the vehicle’s location to a remote user.

1.0 Abstract:


The capability to locate vehicles is useful in
many areas of our today’s world including personal vehicles and public
transportation systems. Moreover, the amount of vehicles on the road
countrywide is also expected to increase quickly. Therefore, the acquiring of a
vehicle tracking system using the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global
System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is key with the intention of enabling
users to track their vehicles with tranquility and in a confident manner. The
system will provide users with the ability to locate vehicles remotely using
the mobile network. Vehicle
tracking system uses GPS and GSM technology to track and provide complete
location and speed information to user over mobile phone network. This paper presents the
installation of the vehicle tracking system’s hardware and software. The system
will utilize the Global Positioning System (GPS) to obtain a vehicle’s
coordinate through Google map and transmit it using Global System for Mobile
Communications (GSM) network to the user’s phone, laptop or desktop through the
mobile network. The main hardware and software components of the system are LINXUP
Instant GPS Tracker, SIM Card, Google map and phone or desktop. The installed
vehicle tracking system establishes the usefulness of real-time tracking of
vehicles and raised effectiveness for national operability and cost when
compared to other existing solutions.

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2.0 Introduction:


 The vehicle
tracking system is an electronic device that is used in tracking a vehicle’s
location. Almost all tracking systems use GPS module to locate the vehicle’s
position. Many systems also combine communication components such as satellite
transmitters to communicate the vehicle’s location to a remote user. Google
maps are used to view the vehicle’s location. The GPS can transmit the collected information about the vehicle
at regular intervals or at least could transmit the information when required
by the monitoring station. Active systems were developed that transmit
vehicle’s data in real time via cellular or satellite networks to a remote
computer or data center.


Many vehicle tracking
systems that are used nowadays have some form of Automatic Vehicle Location
(AVL). It is a concept for determining the geographic location of a vehicle and
transmitting this information to a remotely located server. The location is
determined using GPS and transmission mechanism could be a satellite, or
cellular connection from the vehicle to a satellite or nearby cell tower. GSM
is the most common used service for this purpose. This chapter will be covering
the general background of this project, its concept, objectives, scope and the
problem it’s going to solve.


2.1 Background


A vehicle
tracking system comprise of an electronic device installed on a vehicle used to
track the vehicle by its owner. This uses the Global Positioning System (GPS)
to get correct results of the vehicles location. Communication components such
as cellular GSM and satellite transceivers are used to transmit the vehicles
geographical location to the owner. This information can be viewed using software
installed on the user’s computer.


Vehicle tracking
systems are frequently used nowadays by different companies and individuals for
locating and management functionalities such as vehicle routes, security and
how resources like fuel consumptions are monitored. Other uses include
monitoring driving behaviors of drivers, such as a parent monitoring his kid’s
driver and employer monitoring employee. It is also used as theft prevention
and police can used it to follow the signal sent by the tracking system to
locate stolen vehicles. A vehicle tracking system can serve as a replacement
for car alarm systems when used as a security system.


2.2 Problem Statement


The product of
this system will be the data collected from the GPS receiver. The data contains
information such as the minimum and maximum speeds the vehicle travelled, the
vehicles location at each point in time, the time it took to reach its
destination and the distanced travelled. The data from the GPS receiver is sent
to the owner using a GSM module (sim card) which is the viewed on the owner’s
computer. The computer can also be used to send instructions to the vehicle
such as switching off the vehicle.


2.3 Objective


The objective of
this project is to install the GPS module on the vehicle and the software on
the owner’s computer. In order to fully understand the both GPS and GSM
technology, the research and study on how both technologies work is essential
to complete the project. The objectives of this project are as follows:


study and understand the basic operations of GPS and GSM

install the hardware and software for the tracking system

test the system to make it gives accurate results.




The scope of this
project is to study and install the GPS/GSM vehicle tracking system that can
give an output of information such as time, position, distance and speed from
the GPS receiver. The users will also be able to send instructions such to the vehicle.

The project will be
divided into two parts, the first part will be to study and install the
hardware and software and the second part will be to test the system.

The first part, we will
focus on the GPS system, how to pair it with the GSM system and install the
software. The study on how the GPS/GSM works will also be conducted on this
part to understand its operation.

The second part will
focus on testing the system and gathering results on the time, speed, distance
and position of the vehicle.


Project Contribution

skyrocketing fuel, maintenance and insurance costs becoming an accepted way of
life for owners and managers in the transportation service, delivery service
and individuals. The good news is that there is a light at the end of that
long, dark, financially depleting tunnel. However, technology has always
created alternative pathway for businesses. Technology aid can significantly
reduce fuel and maintenance costs, and increase productivity. The existence of
vehicle tracking device then can be used to reduce the insurance cost, because
the loss-risk of the vehicle drops significantly.


Over the years,
GPS tracking systems have proven to be effective in determine the precise
location of vehicles and assets. Systems range from the passive, battery
operated tracking key to the highly demanded active or real time systems with
various installation options. Both are designed to increase efficiency and
profitability of business by monitoring driver location and speed.


Real time GPS
systems operate on wireless networks (GSM) that accurately determine the exact
location of a vehicle. The user instantly receives location data from the GPS
receiver while the vehicle is still in motion. Real time systems are most
widely used by companies who wish to monitor vehicles and assets.


2.6 Outline


The introduction
covers the background, concept, objective, scope and problem solving. In
literature review, it will give a summary of similar projects done and how ours
is different from theirs. The approach and method apply in this project are
present in the methodology chapter. Preliminary results are covered in chapter
five while the last chapter covers the conclusion.



Literature Review

There have been many other projects
on the internet that uses the same concepts applied on this project. But most
of the project uses a combined GPS and GSM module, as it is easier to operate. A
number of papers have been done on the design and implementation of Vehicle
Tracking System using GPS and GSM modem 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, and
11. In 12 differential GPS algorithm that is capable of providing real time
near PPP service is presented. In 13 error sources in GPS measurement are
calculated. In 14 developments of real-time visual tracking system for
vehicle safety applications are discussed. A low cost real time tracking system
that provides accurate localizations of the tracked vehicle is presented in
15.Vehicle tracking coupled with vehicle registration number recognition is
introduced in 16.


 In 17, a vehicle tracking system is an
electronic device, installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party
to track the vehicle’s place. This paper proposed to design a vehicle tracking
system that works using GPS and GSM technology. This system built based on
embedded system, used for tracking and positioning of any vehicle by using Global
Positioning System (GPS) and Global system for mobile communication (GSM). This
design will continuously watch a moving Vehicle and report the status of the
Vehicle on demand. In 18, Face Detection System used to detect the face of
the driver, and compare with the predefined face. The car owner is sleeping
during the night time and someone theft the car. Then Face Detection System
obtains images by one tiny web camera, which is hidden easily in somewhere in
the car. Face Detection System compared the obtained images with the stored
images. If the images don’t match, then the information sends to the owner
through MMS. The owners get the images of the thief in mobile phone and trace
the place through GPS. The place of the car and its speed displayed to the
owner through SMS. The owner can recognize the thief images as well as the
place of the car and can easily find out the hijackers image. This system applied
in our day-to-day life.

 In 19, this system provided vehicle cabin
safety, security based on embedded system by modifying the existing modules.
This method monitors the level of the toxic gases such as CO, LPG and alcohol
within the vehicle provided alert information as alarm during the dangerous
situations. The SMS sends to the authorized person through the GSM. In this
method, the IR Sensor used to detect the static obstacle in front of the
vehicle and the vehicle stopped if any obstacle detected. This is avoiding
accidents due to collision of vehicles with any static obstacles.



The proposed solution
is made up of the following parts:

Wired GPS Vehicle
Tracker (LINXUP Instant GPS Tracker)

This is installed to
the vehicle for a more discreet installation. The tracker installs with a
simple 3-wire installation, perfect for heavy duty vehicles such as buses. Can
be well hidden to avoid tampering and reports once every minute the vehicle is
turned on. The dimension is 2.0 inches * 1.8 inches *1 inch. Power supply is
directly from the vehicle and uses 3G cellular networks. A 3G simcard is
inserted to the module and used to transmit data to the server.

tracker captures the following information about the vehicle:                       

 Current location of vehicle

 Speed of vehicle

 Door open/close status

 Ignition on/off status

 Distance covered.


The tracker is
responsible for transmitting this information to the tracking server located
anywhere in the work. To achieve all these functionalities the tracker uses
following modules.


GPS Receiver

The Tracker uses
GPS receiver to capture the current location and vehicle speed. The location
and speed data of the vehicle captured by the tracker is not in human understandable
format. This unprocessed data needs to be processed for it to be understandable
by the user displayed on the map. The CPU is required to process the data. The
tracker is used which will be integrated with the simcard for data
transmission. GPS Receiver can also provide altitude, time of last reported
location, number of satellites used to calculate current location, location and
speed. For tracking only location and speed data is required for transmission.



Central Processing Unit


This is the most
important component of the solution as without it we cannot read the data from
the tracker. The raw data provided by the GPS receiver is processed by the CPU
to extract the required location and speed information. The CPU is also
responsible for monitoring the door open/close status of the vehicle and
controlling the ignition on/off status of the vehicle. CPU holds all the
information that is to be transmitted to the remote server.



Data Transceiver



The parts
covered in the GPS Receiver and Central Processing Unit is where all the
required information is extracted and processed. This information needs to be
transmitted to a remote tracking server which will be able to display this
information to the end user. Reliable data transmission for real time tracking
of vehicles relies on a stable and fast 3G connection. The 3Gsimcard is
selected to transmit information to the remote server because of the broad



Server/Monitoring Station


A desktop, laptop,
tablet or mobile phone can be used to access the remote server. The user will
be able to locate the vehicle through the application using the data sent by
the GSM modem. This data can be saved for future use.

There is also a mobile
app for iOS and Android. Linxup gives you native applications for iOS and
Android that let you monitor the location of your vehicles anywhere on your
mobile devices. You can view the location of the vehicle, the speed and
direction the vehicle is travelling, route history and monitor safe driving


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